Safety Tips for Nighttime Construction
Nighttime construction sites are ideal in some situations. There’s less traffic at night, so workers are safer and residents less frustrated by delays. It also offers temperature control — working at night can increase productivity during summer and decrease the risk of heat stroke or sunburn.
Unfortunately, nighttime construction does come with its own set of troubles. The lack of light means it’s easier to make dangerous mistakes. Dust from equipment can make visibility even worse and noise suppression can increase the danger of moving equipment. Here are seven safety tips to reduce the risks of overnight construction.
1. Light It Up
The most crucial thing in any construction site is visibility. During nighttime construction, site managers must balance this need with the potential for putting too much light in an area. Glare can further obstruct visibility.
When lighting an area, site managers should consider local light sources. Equipment should use dim lights when approaching work sites to avoid temporarily blinding workers. Although safety is always the priority, too much light at night can irritate nearby residents.
Finally, reflective construction signs are the best move for nighttime construction sites. They will be noticeable to other automobiles near the site and help workers navigate the site with heavy equipment.
2. Settle the Dust
At night, the dust from construction projects can decrease visibility. Nighttime construction sites should increase their use of water trucks and other dust reduction methods to maintain visibility and protect their workers.
Rising dust affects air quality as well as visibility on a construction site. Reducing dust can improve focus and help workers think more clearly. It’s also better for their health over the long term.
3. Replace Loud Noises
Night construction in residential areas isn’t ideal. However, it’s less disruptive if site managers use strategies to reduce noise. Crews should only use extremely noisy equipment like hoe rams during the day if at all possible. These tools are safer to use in bright conditions anyway.
Use other loud equipment in short bursts or avoid them altogether. For example, workers could watch a truck back up instead of using traditional backup alarms. This will ease ties with community members while still instituting safety checks for equipment operation.
4. Require Reflective Clothing
During night construction, all workers should be wearing reflective clothing. In an ideal situation, workers are where they’re supposed to be at all times. However, accidents happen and confusion is more likely during night work.
Reflective clothing is another layer of protection for workers. Because of the contrast between the dark and artificial lights, the glare coming off this gear is difficult to miss. Reflective clothing allows workers to move safely around the work site.
5. Emphasize Sleep
Night shifts work against the body’s natural circadian rhythms. In order to stay focused while working night construction, workers must get a good day of sleep. The night shift is not an opportunity to replace rest with work.
Site managers should stress the importance of sleep for site safety. Workers are more likely to become disoriented and make mistakes when they are tired. Managers can offer their workers vitamins and snacks to help them stay alert and focused during long shifts.
6. Move Slowly
Refusing to hurry will help protect workers and reduce mistakes during night construction. While time is valuable, hurrying clouds judgment. Rushing may actually add time to a project because crews could make mistakes and have to redo more than they should.
At night, hurrying is even more dangerous than during the day. Teams should move machines slowly and complete tasks at a safe, sustainable pace. Workers are more likely to lose their balance at night or struggle with depth perception.
7. Assess Risks
Every construction site presents unique challenges and opportunities for site managers. Assessing night construction projects allows managers to make a plan that reduces costs, saves time and protects workers.
The location greatly impacts potential dangers and how much lighting a site needs. It will also affect noise control and dust levels. Site managers should assess construction areas after dark to avoid making assumptions about safety.
Doing Overnight Construction Right
Nighttime construction helps workers avoid the heavy traffic and hot temperatures present during the day. However, safety and efficiency become challenging when it gets dark. Risks of nighttime construction include poor lighting, rising dust and sleepiness.
Use these seven safety tips to protect workers and ensure fast completion during nighttime construction. Although working overnight is challenging, it’s a good fit for certain projects. Careful risk assessment and planning will ensure crews complete jobs safely and efficiently before the sun rises.
About the Author:
Evelyn Long is the editor-in-chief of Renovated, a web magazine for real estate and construction professionals.